What is Social Engineering?
Social engineering is the art of manipulation used to gain access to information or devices. These are practices used in email, text, phone calls, or social media to gain important or sensitive information by deceiving or exploiting your trust, respect for authority, or sympathy.
Social engineering criminals focus their attention at attacking people as opposed to infrastructure. They begin with research; an attacker may look for publicly available information that they can use against you. As you can see below these attacks can come in a variety of schemes but all can be avoided by the tips listed.